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CLASS TEN SCIENCE

Science for class ten can be divided into biology, physics and chemistry. The biology section has chapters on life processes, control and coordination, reproduction and heredity and evolution. Mendel's experiments and laws on genetic has been introduced in this class. The chemistry section has chapters on acids, bases & salts, chemical reactions, metals & non-metals, carbon & its compounds and periodic table. The physics section has chapters on light, electricity and electromagnetism. The chapter on light has explanations on reflection and refraction of light; with special emphasis on image formation in mirrors and lenses. Electromagnetism introduces the concepts behind electric motor and electric generator.Go to lesson

Class Ten Social Science

Social Science for class ten can be divided into four sections, viz. history, geography, civics and economics. The history section explains the concept of nationalism which begins with the rise of nationalism in Europe. Nationalism in Indo-China and India has also been discussed.

The geography section has chapter on resources. Subsequent chapters explain different resources; like forest, wildlife, minerals and industries. Infrastructure, i.e. lifeline of the Indian economy has been discussed. Problem of scarcity of water and ways to tackle it are also explained.



The civics section has chapters on federalism and power sharing. Democracy and contemporary issues related to democracy are explained. Popular struggles and political parties are discussed; along with the issue of diversity.

The economics section has chapters on meaning and scope of development. Different sectors of the economy are explained in the next chapter. Money has been explained; with reference to credit (especially in rural setup). Globalization and its impact on the economy have been explained. The last chapter discusses the issue of consumer protection and awareness.Go to lesson

Class Ten Mathematics

Mathematics for class ten can be divided into arithmetic, algebra, geometry, mensuration and trigonometry. Trigonometry is the new introduction in this class. Coordinate geometry is in more detail than it was in the previous class. Quadratic equations have been much more elaborated. The geometry section is about tangents, while mensuration is about surface area and volume of some complex shapes. Arithmetic section has arithmetic progression.Go to lesson

Class Ten Hindi & English

The Hindi section for class ten contains meanings of some poems (from NCERT text book) and answers to related questions from NCERT. Moreover, answers to NCERT questions for other lessons from Hindi are also given. The English section contains answers to NCERT questions from NCERT books. The English section also contains answers from books prescribed by CBSE, i.e. literature reader.Go to lesson



CLASS NINE SCIENCE

Science for class nine can be divided into biology, physics and chemistry. The biology section contains chapters on cell and tissue. Classification of living beings has also been explained. A chapter is there on causes, prevention and cure of diseases. Moreover, improvement in food resources has also been explained; with reference to Green Revolution and use of modern technologies in agriculture and animal husbandry. The chemistry section deals with properties of matter and properties of mixtures. There is proper explanation on atoms and molecules; with special emphasis on atomic structure. The physics section has chapters on motion. Forces and laws of motion are also explained. Moreover, there are chapters on gravitation, work & energy and sound.Go to lesson

Class Nine Social Science

Social Science for class nine can be divided into four sections, viz. history, geography, civics and economics. The history section has chapters on the French Revolution, Socialism in Russia and the Rise of Hitler. There are chapters on forest society and on pastoralists in the modern world. History has also been discussed from the perspective of evolution of sports and clothing during the course of the modern history.

The geography section has chapters on climate, drainage and natural vegetation. There is suitable explanation of the physical features of India.

The civics section has chapters on democracy and constitutional design. This section also deals with the electoral politics. Working of institutions and democratic rights are also explained in this book.

The economics section has chapters on food security and on poverty alleviation. The topic of human resources has been explained in this book. The story of an imaginary village (Rampur) has been used to illustrate the economy of a typical village in India. Various dynamics of population have also been explained in this book.Go to lesson

Class Nine Mathematics

Mathematics for class nine can be divided into arithmetic, geometry, mensuration and algebra. There is a greater emphasis on geometry in this class. The arithmetic section has chapter on number system. The algebra section has chapter on linear equations in two variables. The geometry section has chapters on Euclid's geometry, lines & angles, triangles, quadrilaterals, circles and construction. The mensuration section has chapters on Heron's formula and surface area & volume (cuboid, cylinder, cone and sphere). Probability, statistics and coordinate geometry have also been touched in this book.Go to lesson

Class Nine Hindi & English

The Hindi section for class nine contains meanings of some poems (from NCERT text book) and answers to related questions from NCERT. Moreover, answers to NCERT questions for other lessons from Hindi are also given. The English section contains answers to NCERT questions from NCERT books.Go to lesson



EIGHT SCIENCE

Science for class eight can be divided into biology, physics and chemistry. The biology section begins with crop production and management. It also has chapters on microorganisms, cell (structure and function), reproduction in animals, adolescence and conservation of plants & animals. The physics section has chapters on force & pressure, friction, sound and light. The chemistry section has chapters on synthetic fibres and plastics, metals & non-metals, coal & petroleum, combustion & flame, chemical effects of electric current and air & water pollution. Additionally, there are chapters on some natural phenomena and solar system.Go to lesson

Eight Social Science

Social Science for class eight can be divided into history, civics and geography. The history section is mostly about the colonial rule in India. The book begins with the rise of the East India Company from a trader to erstwhile rulers of a large part of India. The mutiny of 1857 has been discussed as a watershed event during colonial history of India. Growth of national movement and developments after independence are also explained in this book. Other aspects; like reforms in education, reforms in society, tribal society, etc. have also been discussed in class eight history.

The geography section is about various kinds of resources in India. Mineral, power, agriculture, natural vegetation and human resources have been explained in this class. Meaning and scope of industries is also explained in this book.

The civics section mainly deals with the issue of social justice. Secularism and marginalization have been explained. Parliament, judiciary and criminal justice system have been explained; in order to develop an understanding of how justice is ensured for all citizens of the country.Go to lesson

Class Eight Mathematics

Mathematics for class eight can be divided into arithmetic, geometry, mensuration and algebra. The arithmetic section has chapters on rational numbers, square & square roots, cubes and cube roots, comparing quantities and direct & inverse proportions. The geometry section has chapters on quadrilaterals and practical geometry. The algebra section has chapters on linear equation in two variables, algebraic expressions & identities, exponents & powers and factorization. The mensuration section deals with area and volume of figures; like cylinder, cube and cuboids.Go to lesson

Class Eight Hindi & English

The Hindi section for class eight contains meanings of some poems (from NCERT text book) and answers to related questions from NCERT. Moreover, answers to NCERT questions for other lessons from Hindi are also given. The English section contains answers to NCERT questions from NCERT books.Go to lesson


SEVEN SCIENCE

Class seven science lessons can also be divided into three portions, i.e. biology, physics and chemistry. Biology begins with explanation of nutrition in plants and animals. Autotrophic and heterotrophic modes of nutrition have been explained with special emphasis on photosynthesis and on human digestive system. Respiration and transportation in organisms are also explained. Additionally, reproduction in plants has been explained. Fibre and fabric has been explained with special emphasis on wool and silk. Weather, climate and adaptation of organisms to climate have been discussed. Wildlife and natural vegetation is another interesting topic in class seven biology.Go to lesson

Chemistry begins with chapters on heat and measurement of heat. Structure and working of thermometer has been explained. Physical and chemical changes are explained in greater detail than it was in the previous class. Water and wastewater has also been explained in this book.

Physics explains the concept of motion. Concepts of uniform and non-uniform motion have been introduced in this class. Various effects of electric current; like heating effect, magnetic effect and chemical effect have been introduced in this book. The topic of light is also discussed with basic concepts of mirrors and lenses.

Class Seven Social Science

Geography; for class seven; begins with introduction to environment. Subsequent chapters deal with inside and outside of earth and with air and water. After that, life of people in tropics, subtropics, temperate grasslands and desert has been explained.

History; for class seven; covers the medieval history of India. The period between seventh and seventeenth centuries is termed as the medieval period. It begins with origin of small kings and kingdoms in different parts of India. After that, the Delhi Sultanate has been explained. The subsequent chapter deals with the rise and fall of the Mughal Empire. Additionally, other aspects of the history have been touched; like architecture, tribal societies, temples, Bhakti Movement, etc.Go to lesson

Civics; for class seven; begins with the issue of equality. Gender equality has been discussed in detail. Structure and working of the state government is explained. Various aspects of marketing; like mass media, advertising, distribution network, etc. have also been explained in this book.

Class Seven Mathematics

Mathematics for class seven contains arithmetic, geometry, mensuration and algebra. The arithmetic portion has chapters on integers, fractions, decimals, rational numbers and comparison of quantities. The geometry portion has chapters on lines & angles, properties of triangles and congruence of triangles. Practical geometry is also included in this section. The mensuration portion has chapters on perimeter and area of two dimensional figures, e.g. triangles, quadrilaterals and circle. The algebra portion contains chapters on algebraic expressions and exponents and powers.Go to lesson



SIX SCIENCE

Class six science lessons can be divided into three sections, i.e. biology, physics and chemistry. The biology portion contains chapters on sources of food, components of food, fibres, and classification of plants, joints and movements in human body, and living beings and their habitats. The physics portion contains chapters on motion & measurement of motion, light and shadow, electric circuit, and magnets. The chemistry portion contains chapters on classification of materials, separation of substances, physical and chemical changes, availability of water on earth, and garbage management.Go to lesson

Class Six Social Science

Social Science; as a subject is a new concept for the students of class six. Social Science can be divided into three different subjects, i.e. history, civics and geography.

History begins with the concept of periods, dates and years in history. The book describes the life of the earliest people; who were hunter and gatherers. After that, the earliest civilization (Harappa Civilisation) is explained. Progression of villages into towns and cities has been explained in this book. This book also shows the gradual evolution from village chieftain to kings and then to the emperors. Mauryan Empire is explained in this book. Emergence of new ideas and beliefs and significance of books and buildings have also been discussed in this book.Go to lesson

Geography begins with the solar system. After that, basic concept of the globe and maps has been discussed. Next sections deal with the major domains of the earth, i.e. oceans and continents. The book also explains the major landforms on the earth. The last section of the book explains the physical features of India and also the natural vegetation and wildlife in India.

Civics is related to the study of interactions between citizens and the government. This book explains the concept of diversity and explains the prevalent discrimination based on diversity. The book also suggests ways and means to fight discrimination. The book then gives elementary introduction to the meaning of government. Local governance has been explained; with reference to Panchayati Raj and Municipalities. Rural and urban livelihoods have been explained at the end of this book.


Class Eleven

At present, we are providing some selected contents for class eleven. Subject notes for class eleven biology; along with NCERT solution are available. NCERT Solutions for class eleven economics and business studies are also available. Some chapters of class eleven physics and mathematics are available.Go to lesson

Extras

Apart from notes for various classes, we are also providing some extra materials for study as well as for some entertainment. We have given some practice tests for MAT and CAT examinations. There are multiple choice quizzes on general knowledge and English grammar. You will also get to read stories from Panchatantra, Jataka Tales and Aesop's Fables.Go to stories

Homework Section

The homework section gives you real time help. You can post questions and answers in this section. Once someone posts a question or answer, we make it live after the moderator gives a green signal. For any question posted in this section, we provide answer within 24 hours (excluding Sundays and holidays).Homework