Heart is a muscular organ; which is composed of cardiac muscles. It is so small that it can fit inside an adult's fist. The heart is a pumping organ which pumps the blood. The human heart is composed of four chambers, viz. right auricle, right ventricle, left auricle and left ventricle.Click for More

Number of Cells

Human body has trillions of cells which vary in shapes and sizes. Different groups of cells perform a variety of functions. Organisms made of more than one cell are called multicellular organisms. An organism with billions of cells begins life as a single cell which is the fertilized egg. The fertilised egg cell multiplies and the number of cells increase as development proceeds.Click for More

Structure of Flower

The outer green leafy structure in a flower is called sepal. Petals make the first whorl of a flower. This whorl is called calyx. It protects the flower at bud stage. The coloured leaf-like structures; next to the sepals; are called petals. The bright colours of the petals, attracts insects. This helps the plants in reproduction. The whorl formed by the petals is called corolla.Click for More

The Idea of Satyagraha

Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in January 1915. Gandhiji had come from South Africa where he had successfully fought the racist regime with a novel method of mass agitation, which he called satyagraha. The idea of satyagraha emphasised the power of truth and the need to search for truth. It suggested that if the cause was true, if the struggle was against injustice, then physical force was not necessary to fight the oppressor. Without seeking vengeance or being aggressive, a satyagrahi could win the battle through nonviolence. This could be done by appealing to the conscience of the oppressor. People; including the oppressors; had to be persuaded to see the truth, instead of being forced to accept truth through the use of violence. By this struggle, truth was bound to ultimately triumph. Mahatma Gandhi believed that this dharma of non-violence could unite all Indians.Click for More

Types of Chemical Reaction

Chemical reactions can be classified in following types:

(a) Combination Reactions

(b) Decomposition Reactions

(c) Displacement Reactions

(d) Double Displacement Reactions

(e) Oxidation and Reduction ReactionsClick for More

Nutrition and Nutrients

The process by which an organism takes food and utilizes it is called nutrition.

Need of nutrition: Organisms need energy to perform various activities. The energy is supplied by the nutrients. Organisms need various raw materials for growth and repair. These raw materials are provided by nutrients.

Nutrients: Materials which provide nutrition to organisms are called nutrients. Carbohydrates, proteins and fats are the main nutrients and are called macronutrients. Minerals and vitamins are required in small amounts and hence are called micronutrients.Click for More

The Rhime of Ancient Mariner

This poem is about the tale of an ancient mariner. The mariner is sharing his experience of a long voyage. The poem starts with the funny incident of the old sailor getting hold of young men so that he could get a receptive audience for his tale.Click for More

Formation of India

The Indian Peninsula drifted towards the north and finally collided with the much larger Eurasian Plate. As a result of this collision, the sedimentary rocks which were accumulated in the geosynclines (known as Tethys) got folded and formed the mountain systems of the West Asia and Himalaya. Click for More

King and Monkey

A king had a pet monkey. One day the king was sleeping and the monkey was fanning by his side. The monkey saw a fly sitting on the king's chest. Monkey tried to shoo the fly away. The fly would return again and again to disturb the sleep. The monkey got a sword and tried to kill the fly. In one stroke of sword the king was killed instead. Never keep a foolish as your assistant.More Stories

French Revolution

The French Revolution is a watershed development in the modern history. French Revolution not only had a long lasting impact on the French society but also on the whole world. The modern ideas of popular democracy had its roots in France. Similarly, the idea of nation states; as we know them; began with French Revolution. The national movements in various colonies; including India, Indo-China and South Africa were greatly influenced by the developments in French Revolution.Click for More


Myopia is also known as near-sightedness. A person with myopia can see nearby objects clearly but cannot see distant objects distinctly. In a myopic eye, the image of a distant object is formed in front of the retina and not at the retina itself. This defect may arise due to; excessive curvature of the eye lens, or elongation of the eyeball. This defect can be corrected by using a concave lens of suitable power. A concave lens of suitable power will bring the image back on to the retina and thus the defect is corrected.Click for More

Carbon: An Introduction

Atomic Number: 6

Electronic Configuration: 2, 4

Valence electrons: 4

Property: Non-metal

Previously, carbon compounds could only be obtained from a living source; hence they are also known as organic compounds.Click for More


Hypermetropia is also known as far-sightedness. A person with hypermetropia can see distant objects clearly but cannot see nearby objects distinctly. The near point, for the person, is farther away from the normal near point (25 cm). Such a person has to keep a reading material much beyond 25 cm from the eye for comfortable reading. This is because the light rays from a nearby object are focused at a point behind the retina. This defect arises either becauseClick for More

Rise of Nationalism in Europe

It is a belief system which instills a sense of common identity among the members of a nation. National flag, national symbol, national anthem, etc. play an important role in developing and strengthening the idea of nationalism.Click for More