India: Location And Size
India is one of the ancient civilizations in the world. It has achieved
multifaceted socio economic progress during the last five decades. It has moved
forward displaying remarkable progress in the field of agriculture, industry,
technology and overall economic development. India has also contributed
significantly to the making of world history.
India is a vast country. Lying entirely in the Northern hemisphere, the main
land extends between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and
97°25’E. The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N) divides the country into almost two
equal parts. To the southeast and southwest of the mainland, lie the Andaman and
Nicobar islands and the Lakshadweep islands in Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea
The land mass of India has an area of 3.28 million square km. India’s total area
accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world.
India is the seventh largest country of the world. India has a land boundary of
about 15,200 km and the total length of the coast line of the mainland including
Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep is 7,516.6 km.India is bounded by the young
fold mountains in the northwest, north and north east. South of about 22°
northlatitude, it begins to taper, and extends towards the Indian Ocean,
dividing it into two seas, the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on
its east. is about 30°. The latitudinal extent influences the duration of the
day and night, as one moves from south to north.
India And The World
The Indian landmass has a central location between the East and the West Asia.
India is a southward extension of the Asian Continent. The trans Indian Ocean
routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of
East Asia provide a strategic central location to India. Deccan Peninsula
protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping India to establish close contact
with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and
East Asia from the eastern coast. No other country has a long coastline on the
Indian Ocean as India has and indeed, it is India’s eminent position in the
Indian Ocean which justifies the naming of an Ocean after it.
India occupies an important strategic position in South Asia. India has 28
states and 7 Union Territories. India shares its land boundaries with Pakistan
and Afghanistan in the northwest China , Nepal and Bhutan in the north and
Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east.
Our southern neighbours across the sea consist of the two island countries,
namely Sri Lanka and Maldives. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow
channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar while Maldives
Islands are situated to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands.