Question 1: If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decision can you take on your own?
Question 2: Who among the following is a part of the political executive?
Question 3: Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?
Question 4: Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?
Question 5: Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:
|Column I||Column II|
|(a) A new policy is being made to increase jute exports from the country||(1) Ministry of Defence|
|(b) Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas||(2) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution|
|(c) The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down||(3) Ministry of Health|
|(d) A pulse polio campaign will be launched||(4) Ministry of Commerce and Industry|
|(e) The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased||(5) Ministry of Communications and Information Technology|
Answer: a ⇨ 4, b ⇨ 5, c ⇨ 2, d ⇨ 3, e ⇨ 1
Question 6: Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
Question 7: Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people? Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.
Question 8: Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?
Answer: While it may look quite appealing in a movie; the real life is strikingly different. Governance in a democracy is all about taking everyone along with you. Moreover, in a large and diverse country like India, it is not possible to take decision on the whims of an individual. Implementation of a decision needs to coordination among various organs of the government and a minister is just a part of that system.
Question 9: A teacher was making preparations for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you, which one would you choose and why?
Answer: I would choose to have a majority in the Lok Sabha. The leader of the Lok Sabha is directly answerable to the public and hence it can be quite challenging for him.
Question 10: After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary?
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