Question 1: What is a balanced chemical equation? Why should chemical equations be balanced?
Answer: When the number of atoms of reactants is equal to the number of atoms of products, the reaction is called a balanced chemical equation. According to the Law of conservation of mass, total mass of the elements present in the reactants must be equal to the total mass of the elements present in products. That’s why a chemical equations should always be balanced.
Question 2: Which of the statements about the reaction below are incorrect?
2PbO (s) + C (s) ⇨ 2PbS (s) + CO2 (g)
Answer: (1) a and b
Question 3: The following reaction is an example of:
Fe2O3 + 2Al ⇨ Al2O3 + 2Fe
Answer: (d) Displacement reaction
Question 4: What happens when dilute hydrochloric acid is added to iron fillings? Tick the correct answer.
Answer: (a) Hydrogen gas and iron chloride are produced
Question 5: Translate the following statements into chemical equations and then balance them.
(a) 3H2 + N2 ⇨ 2NH3
(b) 2H2S + 3O2 ⇨ 2H2O + 2SO2
(c) 3BaCl2 + Al2(SO4 )3 ⇨ 2AlCl3 + 3BaSO4
(d) 3K + 2H2O ⇨ 2KOH + H2
Question 6: Write the balanced chemical equation for the following and identify the type of reaction in each case.
(a) 2KBr (aq) + BaI2 (aq) ⇨ 2KI (aq) + BaBr2 (s)
It is a double displacement reaction.
(b) ZnCO3 (s) ⇨ ZnO (s) + CO2 (g)
It is a decomposition reaction.
(c) H2 (g) + Cl2 (g) ⇨ 2HCl
It is a combination reaction.
(d) Mg (s) + 2HCl (aq) ⇨ MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g)
It is a displacement reaction.
Question 7: What does one mean by exothermic and endothermic reactions? Give examples.
Answer: Exothermic reaction: A reaction in which heat is released is called the exothermic reaction.
Example: Burning of fuel is an example of exothermic reaction. When methane is burnt it gives heat along with carbon dioxide and water.
CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g)⇨ CO2 (g) + 2H2O
Endothermic reaction: A reaction in which heat is absorbed is called endothermic reaction.
Example: When silver chloride is left in the sunlight, it absorbs heat and turns grey because of formation of silver metal.
2AgCl (s) ⇨ 2Ag (s) + Cl2 (g)
Question 8: Why is respiration considered an exothermic reaction? Explain.
Answer: In the course of respiration glucose is broken into carbon dioxide and energy is released. That’s why it is considered as an exothermic reaction.
C6H12O6 (aq) + 6O2 (g) ⇨ 6CO2 (aq) + 6H2O (l) + Energy
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