Resource: Anything which can be used for satisfying the human needs is called a resource. In this definition, satisfaction of human needs is an important criteria for anything to be categorised as a resource. There are plenty of things around us but only some of them can satisfy human needs.
Biotic Resources: All living organisms in our environment are called biotic resources. For example, trees, animals, insects, etc.
Abiotic Resources: All non-living things present in our environment are termed as abiotic resources. Example: earth, air, water, metals, rocks, etc.
Renewable Resources: Resources that can be replenished within foreseeable future are called renewable Resources. Example: agricultural crops, water, forest, wildlife, etc.
Non-renewable Resources: Resources which caanot be replenished within foreseeable future are called non-renewable resources. Example: fossil fuel.
Resources can be natural of human. Natural resources can renewable or non-renewable. Structures, institutions, population, etc. are human-made or human resources.
A resource can owned by an individual, or community, or the nation or the whole world.
There are three types of resources on this criteria, and they are as follows:
Thus, equal distribution of resources becomes necessary for sustainable development. Planning of resources is necessary to ensure equitable distribution and sustainable development.
Sustainable Development: Development which takes place without damaging the environment and compromising with needs of future is called sustainable development.
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