On The Trail Of the Earliest People
NCERT Exercise Solution
Fill in the blanks:
- Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because ————————.
Answer: they provided shelter from rain, heat and wind
- Grasslands developed around ———————— years ago.
- Early people painted on the ———————— of caves.
- In Hunsgi, tools were made of ————————.
Question 1: Look at the present-day political map of the Indian subcontinent. Find out the states where Bhimbetka, Hunsgi and Kurnool are located.
Answer: Bhimbetka is in Madhya Pradesh, Hunsgi is in Karnataka and Kurnool is in Andhra Pradesh.
Question 2: Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?
Answer: Hunter-gatherers traveled from place to place in search of food. Once food resources at a place were exhausted, they needed to go to a new place. Now-a-days; people travel for various purposes. Some people travel because they enjoy travelling. Some people travel to meet relatives and friends on special occasions. Some people travel as a part of their work. Some people travel to explore new places.
Question 3: What tools would you use today for cutting fruit? What would they be made of?
Answer: We use knife for cutting fruit. Knives are made of steel.
Question 4: List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire. Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?
Answer: Three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire are as follows:
- For cooking
- For warding off wild animals
- For clearing forest
Question 1: People of the Stone Age lived in which natural structure?
Question 2: Bhimbetka is in which modern state of India.
Answer: Madhya Pradesh
Question 3: Remains of ashes have been found from the caves of which place?
Question 4: Cave paintings usually depict which type of scene?
Answer: Hunting scene
Question 5: Discarded stone pieces and chips can be found on which type of sites of the Stone Age?
Answer: Factory sites
Question 6: What is Stone Age?
Answer: The period during which only stone tools were used by people is called the Stone Age.
Question 7: What is the meaning of Palaeolithic Age?
Answer: Palaeolithic Age means the Old Stone Age.
Question 8: What were the sources of food for early people?
Answer: Meat, fish, fruits, roots, berries, etc. were the sources of food for early people.
Question 9: Cave paintings usually contained pictures of which animals?
Answer: Bison, deer and other wild animals.
Question 10: Why is Bhimbetka famous?
Answer: Bhimbetka is famous for cave paintings of the Stone Age. This site has been termed the World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.