Variety of Food

NCERT Solution

Fill in the blanks with the given words:

Herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore

  1. Tiger is a --------- because it eats only meat.

    Answer: Carnivore
  2. Deer eats only plant product and so, is called---------

    Answer: Herbivore
  3. Parrot eats only --------- products

    Answer: Plant
  4. The ------- that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animals products.

    Answer: Milk
  5. We get sugar from--------

    Answer: Sugarcane

Answer the following questions

Do you find that all living beings need the same kind of food?

Answer: Different living being need different kinds of food. Some eat only plant, some eat only animals while some others eat both plants and animals.

Name five plants and their parts that we eat.


PlantEdible part
(a) Radish1. Root
(b) Potato2. Stem
(c) Spinach3. Leaves
(d) Mango4. Fruit
(e) Rice5. Seeds

Match the items given in column A with that in column B

Column AColumn B
(a) Milk, curd, paneer, ghee1. Eat other animals
(b) Spinach, cauliflower, carrot2. Eat plant and plant products
(c) Lions and tigers3. Are vegetables
(d) Herbivores4. Are animal products

Answer: (a) 4, (b) 3, (c) 1, (d) 2

Extra Questions

Name the products obtained from milk?

Answer: Cheese, butter, sweets, curd, etc.

Name five items that we get from plants?

Answer: Rice, wheat, vegetables, sugars and fruits.

Why are spices used in our food?

Answer: Spices makes our food tasty.

Write the name of two plants which give us oil?

Answer: Mustard and groundnut.

What do you mean by herbivores?

Answer: Animals that eat only plants are known as herbivores.

What do you mean by omnivores?

Answer: Animals that eat both plant and flesh of animals are known as omnivores.

What is carnivore?

Answer: Animals that eat only flesh of animals are known as carnivores.

What do you mean by autotrophs?

Answer: Organisms that make their food themselves are known as autotrophs. Plants are autotrophs because they make their food themselves.

What do you mean by heterotrophs?

Answer: Organisms that depend upon food prepared by others are called heterotrophs. Animals are heterotrophs because they eat food prepared by plants.

What do you mean by scavengers?

Answer: Animals that clean environment by eating the flesh of dead animals are called scavengers.

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