Short Answer Questions:
Question 1: What is opposition?
Answer: Opposition refers to the elected representatives who are not members of the ruling party. Opposition plays the role of questioning the government decisions and actions. Opposition also raises new issues for consideration in the Assembly. It is said that a strong opposition is necessary for a healthy democracy. A strong opposition prevents autocracy creeping in the government.
Question 2: How is the cabinet formed?
Answer: The chief minister is elected by the MLAs of the ruling party. The chief minister then selects other people as ministers. The Chief Minister and all other ministers compose the cabinet. The Governor of the state appoints the chief ministers and other ministers after the elections. The chief ministers and other ministers have the responsibility of running various government departments or ministries. They have separate offices. Some MLAs have dual responsibilities: as an MLA and also as a minister.
Question 3: What is a constituency?
Answer: Every state is divided into a number of areas or constituencies. A particular area from where all the voters living there choose their representatives is called a constituency. This could, for example, be a panchayat ward or an area that chooses an MLA.
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Question 1: Give examples of constituency.
Answer: A panchayat ward or an area that chooses an MLA.
Question 2: Define majority.
Answer: This is a situation where more than half the members of a group support a decision or idea.
Question 3: What is Legislature?
Answer: All MLAs who gather together in the legislative assembly are called the Legislature.
Question 4: Some MLAs have dual responsibilities. What are they?
Answer: Responsibility as an MLA and also as a minister.
Question 5: Name some government departments.
Answer: Public works, education, health and agriculture departments
Long Answer Type Questions:
Question 1: Describe the working of the government.
Answer: The people in power like the chief minister have to take steps for solving problems of drinking water, sanitation etc. They do so through various departments.
The government can also decide to make new laws for the state for example regarding sanitation and health facilities. For instance, it may make it compulsory for the municipal corporation to ensure that there are adequate toilets in each area. The act of making new laws is made in the legislative assembly of each state. The implementation of these laws is done by the various government departments.
Question 2: Who is an MLA?
Answer: Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are elected by the people. They represent people. Each state in India has a legislative assembly. Each state is divided into different areas called constituencies. From each constituency the people elect one representative who then becomes an MLA. These MLAs belong to different parties. A political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies can be said to be in a majority. The political party that has majority is called the ruling party. All other parties are called the opposition. The chief minister is elected by the MLAs of the ruling party. The chief minister then selects other people as ministers. Some MLAs have dual responsibilities: as an MLA and also as a minister.