class seven civics ncert solution growing as boys and girls

Boys and Girls

NCERT Solution

Make a list of toys and games that boys typically play and another for girls. If there is a difference between the two lists, can you think of some reasons why this is so? Does this have any relationship to the roles children have to play as adults?


The difference between the two lists is because of prejudices in the society. Most of the people do not consider girls and boys are equal. This has a deep relationship with the role which boys and girls have to assume when they grow up. Men are usually supposed to go out to earn money. Women are supposed to stay at home to take household work and to take care of children.

Consider the following statements:

  1. Household work is invisible and unpaid work
  2. Housework is physically demanding.
  3. Housework is time consuming.

Write in your own words what is meant by the terms ‘invisible’, ‘physically demanding’, and ‘time consuming’? Give one example of each based on the household tasks undertaken by women in your home.

Answer: Invisible: It is a work which is noticed only when it is not done. In other words, if household work like cleaning, organizing things etc is not done properly, the house looks as if it has been hit by a hurricane.

Physically Demanding: It requires a lot of effort to do household work. Work like sweeping, mopping, washing clothes etc is very strenuous.

Time Consuming: Household work takes up a lot of time of women. It hence leaves them with very less time for leisure. Cleaning the house, attending to children etc are non-stop tasks.

Are the statements given alongside true or false? Support your answer with the use of an example

(a) All societies do not think similarly about the roles that boys and girls play.

Answer: True – the roles that men and women play are not valued equally. Most of the societies devalue the role of women. In some places like Samoa it is the reverse i.e. most of the cooking (which is otherwise considered a female’s job) is done by boys. Hence no society thinks similarly about the roles boys and girls play.

(b) Our society does not make distinctions between boys and girls when they are growing up.

Answer: False – Right from toys that children play with, boys and girls are treated differently. Boys are given cars and girls are given dolls to play with. Even the way of dressing and mannerisms expected of a girl and boy; are very different.

(c) Women who stay at home do not work.

Answer: False – women are continuously engaged in household work with no time for leisure. If a household woman goes for strike their quantum of work would be understood by the family members.

(d) The work that women do is less valued than that of men.

Answer: True – It is considered that household work comes naturally to women and hence they need not be paid for it. It is devalued.

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