Decline of Mughal
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) Sikhs||(a) Churaman|
|(ii) Maratha||(b) Jathas|
|(iii) Jat||(c) Shivaji|
Answer: (i) b, (ii) c, (iii) a
Multiple Choice Questions
Question 1: Who founded the state of Bengal?
- Sa'adat Khan
- Murshid Quli khan
- Shah Jahan
Answer: (b) Murshid Quli Khan
Question 2: Awadh depended on _____ for loans
- Local bankers
- both a and b
- none of the above
Answer: (c) both a and b
Question 3: The close connection between state and bankers was noticeable in ____
- All of the above
Answer: (d) All of the above
Question 4: The khalsa was instituted in ____
Answer: (a) 1699
Question 5: The grand army of the Sikhs used to meet every year at _____
Answer: (c) Amritsar
Fill in the blanks:
- __________ sacked and plundered the city of Delhi in 1739.
- Sa’adat Khan seized agriculturally fertile lands of the Afghans of _____.
- During the reign of Alivardi Khan, the banking house of ______ became very prosperous.
- _____ was conquered and annexed to the house of Jodhpur.
- The family of Chitpavan Brahamans served Shivaji’s successors as _____.
Answer: (a) Nadir Shah, (b) Rohilkhand, (c) Jagat Seth, (d) Nagaur, (e) Peshwa
Very Short Answer Questions:
Question 1: Who consolidated their authority in different parts of the subcontinent when the Mughal Empire declined?
Answer: The governors of large provinces, subadars and the great zamindars.
Question 2: Name the states that were carved out of the old Mughal provinces.
Answer: Bengal, Awadh and Hyderabad.
Question 3: Name the Maratha chiefs who, with revival of trade, got enough resources to raise armies.
Answer: Sindhia of Gwalior, Gaekwad of Baroda and Bhonsle of Nagpur.
Question 4: What were the drawbacks of the Maratha expansion?
Answer: It made other rulers hostile towards the Marathas. Consequently, they were not inclined to support the Marathas in the third battle of Panipat in 1761.