|Column I||Column II|
|(i) Military paymaster||(a) Sadr|
|(ii) Minister in charge of religious and charitable patronage||(b) bakhshi|
|(iii) Military commanders||(c) Kotwal|
|(iv) Town police commanders||(d) fauzdars|
Answer: (i) b, (ii) a, (iii) d, (iv) c
Fill in the blanks:
- ______ means position or rank.
- Tax on the ______ was the main source of income for the Mughal rulers.
- The single term used to describe all intermediaries is ____.
- Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called ______.
- Military responsibilities
- All of the above
- Local chieftain
- Both a and b
- Zamindari system
- Shah Jahan
- Both b and c
Answer: (1) Mansab, (2) Produce of the peasants, (3) Zamindars, (4) Jagirs
Multiple Choice Questions
Question 1: Grading system was used by the Mughals to fix
Answer: (d) All of the above
Question 2: Which of the following are examples of rural elites?
Answer: (d) Both a and b
Question 3: The revenue system followed during Akbar's reign was called ____
Answer: (b) Zabt
Question 4: The principle of governance around the idea of sulh-i kul was followed by
Answer: (d) Both b and c
Very Short Answer Questions
Question 1: Name the diverse bodies of people recruited by the Mughals.
Answer: Apart from Turkish nobles; they recruited Iranians, Indian Muslims, Afghans, Rajputs, Marathas and other groups.
Question 2: What is the difference between mansabdars and muqtis?
Answer: Mansabdars did not actually reside in or administer their jagirs. They served in some other part of the country. Whereas muqtis used to reside in their iqtas. The term ‘muqti’ was used during the Sultanate period, while the term ‘jagir’ was used during the Mughal period.
Question 3: Where was zabt prevalent?
Answer: It was prevalent in the areas where Mughal administrators could survey the land and keep very careful accounts.
Question 4: What is the system of ethics that sulh-i kul focused on?
Answer: It focused on the system of ethics that was universally acceptable; like honesty, justice and peace.