Write True or False for the following:
Answer: (1) T, (2) F, (3) F, (4) F
Answer: (a) Thanjavur, (b) Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti, (c) Vijayanagara, (d) Masulipatnam
Question 1: How was the water supplied to the city of Thanjavur?
Answer: From wells and tanks
Question 2: Who lived in the black towns in cities such as Madras?
Answer: Local merchants and crafspersons
Question 3: Why do you think towns grew around temples?
Answer: Temples used their money to finance trade and banking. Hence, gradually many priests, artisans, workers, traders etc settled near the temple to cater to the needs of the temple as well as pilgrims. This is how temple towns grew.
Question 4: How important were craftspersons for the building and maintenance of temples?
Answer: The craftspersons were very important for building and maintenance of temples. Masons built the buildings, carpenters made doors and windows and blacksmiths made iron articles. Other craftsmen made decorative items and sculptors made the statues and idols.
Question 5: Why did people from distant lands visit Surat?
Answer: People from distant lands visited Surat for trade and banking purposes. The Dutch, Portuguese and the English had their factories and warehouses there.
Question 6: In what ways was craft production in cities like Calcutta different from that in cities like Thanjavur?
Answer: The craftspersons of Thanjavur were independent and creative. They were not subjugated to anyone. Whereas the craftspersons of Calcutta had no liberty to sell their own cloth and were working on a system of advances. They were moved to Black Towns.
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