Class 9 Maths
Question 1: Parallelogram ABCD and rectangle ABEF are on the same base AB and have equal areas. Show that the perimeter of the parallelogram is greater than that of the rectangle.
Answer: In this figure, ABCD is a parallelogram and EFCD is a rectangle. They are on the same base DC.
Height of parallelogram = FC
AB = DC (Opposite sides of parallelogram)
EF = DC (Opposite sides of rectangle)
From above two equations, it is clear that
EF = DC
This means EA = FB
Perimeter of ABCD = AB + BC + CD + AD
Perimeter of EFCD = EF + FC + CD + ED
= AB + CD + FC + ED
AD > ED (hypotenuse is the longest side)
BC > FC (hypotenuse is the longest side)
So, AB + CD + BC + AD > AB + CD + FC + ED
So, it is proved that perimeter of parallelogram is greater than perimeter of rectangle made on the same base.
Question 2: In this figure, D and E are two points on BC such that BD = DE = EC. Show that ar(ABD) = ar(ADE) = ar(AEC).
Can you now answer the question that you have left in the ‘Introduction’ of this chapter, whether the field of Budhia has been actually divided into three parts of equal area?
Answer: ΔABD, ΔADE and ΔAEC all have same height = h
BD = DE = EC (Given)
So, bases are equal
So, area of anyone of the three triangles = `1/2xx\h\xxb`
So, ar(ABD) = ar(ADE) = ar(AEC) PROVED
Question 3: In this figure, ABCD, DCFE and ABFE are parallelograms. Show that ar(ADE) = ar(BCF)
Answer: In ΔADE and Δ BCF
AE = BF (Opposite sides of parallelogram ABFE)
AD = BC (Opposite sides of parallelogram ABCD)
DE = CF (Opposite sides of parallelogram DCFE)
So, from SSS theorem
ΔADE ≅ Δ BCF
Or, ar(ΔADE) = ar(Δ BCF) PROVED
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