Class 7 Civics

Shirt in Market

NCERT Solution

Question 1: What made Swapna sell the cotton to the trader instead of the selling at the Kurnool cotton market?

Answer: Swapna had borrowed money from the local trader for her farm input. So, she was forced to agree to the condition that she would sell the cotton produce to him. Hence she sold it to the local trader instead of the Kurnool cotton market.

Question 2: Describe the conditions of employment and the wages of workers in the garment exporting factory. Do you think the workers get a fair deal?

Answer: The workers in a factory are employed on a temporary basis. They may be asked to leave anytime at the whims and fancies of the employer. The wages paid to them is fixed based on their skills. The highest amount paid monthly is Rs 3000/- which is paid to the tailors. Women do ancillary jobs like cutting, buttoning ironing etc. The workers are highly exploited and get very low wages. They do not get a fair deal.

Question 3: Think of something common that we use. It could be sugar, tea, milk, pen, pencil etc. Discuss through what chain of markets this reaches you. Can you think of the people that help in the production or trade?

Answer: The chain of markets in the case of milk is as follows:

From the farms, milk is sold to the village dairy cooperatives. They then send it to the cooperative processing unit for processing and packaging the same. Then it is sold to the retailers who in turn sell it to the consumers. Sometimes, it is sold from the farms to the dairy parastatals (these are companies or agencies which are separate from the government but their activities serve the State), which in turn export the same. All the people right from the farmer to the retailer have a role in the production/trade of milk.

Question 4: Arrange the statements given in the book in the correct order of the steps in the manufacture of a shirt.

Answer: Swapna sells the cotton to the trader – Trader sells cotton to the ginning mill – Ginning mill cleans the cotton and makes it into bales - Spinning mill buys the cotton and sells yarn to the yarn dealers. - Weavers return with the cloth. - Garment exporters buy the cloth from merchants for making shirts. - The exporter sells shirts to the businessperson from the USA. - Customers buy these shirts in a supermarket.