Class 7 Civics


NCERT Solution

Question 1: What are the different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all? Discuss.

Answer: To provide healthcare for all, the government should take following steps:

Question 2: In this chapter you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Look at this quote from the Constitution and explain the terms living standard and public health in your own words.

An important part of the Constitution says it is the "duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health."

Answer: Living Standard: This means the condition in which people are living. It includes the level of wealth, comfort and material goods available to people.

Public Health: The general level of health among the people can be termed as public health. Efforts at ensuring public health include various measures which are taken to provide clean drinking water, to provide basic sanitation and to provide healthcare services.

Question 3: What differences do you find between private and public health services in your area? Use the following table to compare and contrast these.


FacilitiesCost of ServicesAvailablity of services
PrivateVery highAdequate
PublicFree or nominalInadequate or of poor quality

Question 4: "Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases." Explain with the help of examples.

Answer: Many diseases happen because of drinking contaminated water and eating contaminated food. Poor sanitation is responsible for most of the communicable diseases. For example, diarrhoea, jaundice, cholera, etc. happen because of contaminated food and water. Similarly, dengue and malaria happen because of living in unhygienic conditions. These diseases can be easily prevented by improvement in water and sanitation. Thus, it can be said that improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.